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Saturday, April 25, 2020 | History

1 edition of Biological vulnerability to drug abuse found in the catalog.

Biological vulnerability to drug abuse

Biological vulnerability to drug abuse

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  • 27 Currently reading

Published by U. S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, National Institute on Drug Abuse in Rockville, Md, [Washington, DC : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Drug abuse -- Genetic aspects.,
  • Behavior genetics.,
  • Pharmacogenetics.,
  • Genetics, Behavioral.,
  • Substance Abuse -- genetics.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementeditors, Roy W. Pickens, Dace S. Svikis.
    SeriesNIDA research monograph -- 89., DHHS publication -- no. (ADM) 88-1590., DHHS publication -- no. (ADM) 88-1590.
    ContributionsPickens, Roy W., Svikis, Dace S., National Institute on Drug Abuse.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 185 p. :
    Number of Pages185
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17641420M


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Biological vulnerability to drug abuse Download PDF EPUB FB2

Author: Roy W Pickens; Dace S Svikis; National Institute on Drug Abuse. Office of Science.; National Institute on Drug on of Clinical Research. Publisher: Rockville, Md. ( Fishers Lane, Rockville ): U.S.

Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, National Institute on Drug Abuse, []. Biological vulnerability to drug abuse. [Roy W Pickens; Dace S Svikis; National Institute on Drug Abuse,;] Home. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help.

Search. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Book\/a>, schema:MediaObject\/a> ; \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\n library. In biological models focusing specifically on adolescent addiction vulnerability, the function of brain regions contributing to other states (for example, relating to hunger, thirst or sex drive) relating to motivational drives and behaviors has been cited as by: also be involved in the etiology of drug an attempt to understand the role of genetic factors in drug abuse, a technical review on "Biological Vulnerability to Drug Abuse" was held on June, in Rockville, chers from the fields of alcoholism and File Size: 1MB.

Familial Factors in Vulnerability to Substance Abuse —Kathleen R. Merikangas, Bruce J. Rounsaville, and Brigitte A. Prusoff; Genetic and Environmental Factors in Initiation of Drug Use and the Transition to Abuse —Remi J.

Cadoret; Biological Factors in Sociopathy: Relationships to Drug Abuse Behaviors —Roy King, Deborah Curtis, and Pages: Timothy P.

Condon PhD, Curtis W. Balmer PhD, in Neurobiology of Disease, A. Stress and Relapse. Stress is also a major precipitant of relapse to substance abuse [33, 34].Arguably the most troublesome and problematic dimension of addiction, vulnerability to relapse persists long after detoxification, rendering addicts highly susceptible to renewed drug taking.

Biological Vulnerability to Drug Abuse. National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Monograph 89 on *FREE* shipping on qualifying cturer: Unknown. behaviors as a result of their drug abuse, and their work performance and personal relationships suffer.

z Parents’ drug abuse often means chaotic, stress-filled homes, as well as child abuse and neglect. Such conditions harm the well-being and development of children in the home and may set the stage for drug abuse in the next Size: 3MB.

Similarly, some people also have a biological vulnerability to developing an addiction: they are more likely to develop alcohol or drug abuse or dependence. This is why addiction, similar to psychiatric disorders, sometimes "runs in families." What Are the Elements of the Stress-Vulnerability Model.

In book: Infancy in America: An Encyclopedia Vol 1 (pp) Biological Vulnerability to Drug Abuse. January Roy W.

Pickens; Economic factors affecting vulnerability to biological Author: Hiram Fitzgerald. Overwhelming evidence exists for an increased association between childhood sexual and physical abuse and victimization and increased drug use and abuse.

56 – 60 There is also some evidence that recent negative life events and physical and sexual abuse each exert somewhat independent risk on addiction vulnerability. 58 In addition to sexual Cited by: Health Psychology - Substance use, abuse & addiction study guide by rebecca_marturano includes 31 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.

Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Social and legal aspects of drug abuse are covered as well as psychological, biological, and behavioral aspects. Other topics covered include vulnerability to drug use, consequences of drug use, theories of addiction, treatments for drug use, legal issues, drug policies, relationship to criminal behavior, and adult children of alcoholics.5/5(1).

Title Biological vulnerability to drug abuse / editors Roy W. Pickens, Dace S. Svikis. Format Book Published Rockville, Md.: U. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Biological Causes For Addiction Researchers discover biological precursor to compulsive drug use.

By Hugh C. McBride. A Cambridge University researcher has announced the discovery of a biological trigger in the brains of some drug users that he believes causes them to switch from occasional use to compulsion and addiction.

Drug Abuse Research Helps Curtail the Spread Of Deadly Infectious Diseases from Vol Number 2. () The Next Generation Of Drug Abuse Research from Vol Number 1. () Institute Will Expand Research Into the Interaction of Genetics and Environment in Vulnerability to Drug Abuse and Addiction from Vol Number 6.

Biological Research on Addiction examines the neurobiological mechanisms of drug use and drug addiction, describing how the brain responds to addictive substances as well as how it is affected by drugs of abuse. The book's four main sections examine behavioral and molecular biology; neuroscience; genetics; and neuroimaging and neuropharmacology as they relate to the addictive process.

The Extent, Pattern a nd Trends of Drug Abuse In India, Nationa l Survey, Ministry of Soc ial Justice and Empowe rment, Gove rnment Of India and United Nations Office On Drugs and Crime, Regional.

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is use of a drug in amounts or by methods which are harmful to the individual or is a form of substance-related ing definitions of drug abuse are used in public health, medical and criminal justice contexts. In some cases criminal or anti-social behaviour occurs when the person is under the influence of a drug, and long term Specialty: Psychiatry.

Research over the past three decades has identified many factors that can help differentiate individuals who are more likely to abuse drugs from those who are less likely to do so (Catalano et al., ; Hawkins et al., ). Risk factors are qualities of a child or his or her environment that can adversely affect the child’s developmental trajectory and put the child at risk for later.

National Institute on Drug Abuse: Biological vulnerability to drug abuse / (Rockville, Md.: U. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, National Institute on Drug Abuse ; [Washington, DC: For sale by the Supt.

of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.], ), also by Dace S Svikis and. Preventing Drug Abuse. This book covers the following topics: Illicit Drug Use in the United States, Diagnosing Drug Problems, Trends In Drug Use, Disaggregation Of Special populations, Concepts of Prevention, Evaluating Prevention Program Effects, Meta-Analyses Of Prevention Interventions, Three Programs Meeting Tobler's Criteria.

biological vulnerability,stress. and protectivefactors. The interactionbetween these factors is illustratedin Figure 1 andis described below.

• BiologicalVulnerability:In order for a person to develop a psychiatric disorder,he or she must have some biological or tendency,to that Size: 90KB. of liability to abuse of specific drugs is that many drug abusers engage in multiple drug use, so exam-ining any familial trends in the use of a particular drug becomes difficult.

Finally, rates of illicit drug use show strong secular trends. Even assum-ing a vulnerability to drug-specific addictions, there might be tremendous variations in expres.

Drug abuse treatment includes detoxification, management of drug dependence, and prevention of relapse. Since drug abuse is a complex disorder with multiple causes, there are multiple treatment methods that are more or less effective with, or acceptable to, different patients.

Publisher Summary. Anecdotal and scientific evidence suggests a link between substance abuse and stress. One explanation for the high concordance between stress-related disorders and drug addiction is the self-medication hypothesis, which suggests that a dually-diagnosed person often uses the abused substance to cope with tension associated with life stressors or to relieve symptoms of anxiety.

Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction.

Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and by:   This excellent book is a concise yet thorough examination of the important and emerging field of the study of biological risk factors in drug abuse.

Historically, drug abuse research has concentrated on the contributions of environmental and behavioral factors Pages: Biological models of addiction emphasize the importance of genetics and the biological forces of nature.

These theories suggest that brain chemistry, brain structure, and genetic abnormalities cause human behavior. Many of these models have not been tested or applied to every specific type of addiction.

Nevertheless, scientists and. Three-factor model. Accepted research now shows that some people have vulnerabilities to addiction and has established a three-factor standard for vulnerability to drug addiction: genetic factors, environmental factors, and repeated exposure to drugs of abuse.

Being vulnerable to addiction means that there exists some factor which makes one individual more likely to develop an addiction than. The act dealt with prevention and treatment of drug abuse as well as control of drug traffic. The Anti-Drug Abuse Acts of and increased funding for treatment and rehabilitation; the act created the Office of National Drug Control Policy.

Its director, often referred to as the drug "czar," is responsible for coordinating national. Lack of a sense of purpose, significant stress, and depression are examples of the _____ influences that can lead to substance abuse. Psychological Alcohol initially produces feelings of euphoria, talkativeness, and outgoing behavior because it lowers _____.

There have been several past studies on this topic whereby it has been found out that there is a relationship between genes or rather family history and addictions. This paper seeks to review relevant literature on the correlation that exists between genetics and the susceptibility to drug and substance abuse.

Factors that can play a role in drug abuse susceptibility include a person psychological makeup (e.g., self-esteem, propensity to certain drugs have the potential for abuse, and what, if any, biological differences exist among individuals in their suscepti- biological components of substance abuse and.

Biological Vulnerability and Traumatic Events The primates are most advanced organisms and the human species leads in this front. Ideally the fact that we are the only bipedal organisms shows that the working of our biological systems is not only different from the other organisms, but is most civilized.

DRUG USE AND ABUSE takes an interdisciplinary approach in its coverage of current drug issues. It weaves psychological, historical, cultural, social, biological, and medical perspectives -- emphasizing the idea that a drug’s effects depend not only on its properties, but also on the biological and psychological characteristics of its user.

Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction. Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and addiction.

Over the years, psychological principles have contributed to the development of many theories about substance use disorders and addiction. Learning theories represent one set of psychological principles that have had a strong influence on our understanding of the causes of addiction, as well as informing some of our intervention strategies.

Relevant learning theories include both operant and. *Note that portions of this chapter were informed by content presented in Begun and Murray (in press), Begun (), and Begun (). A wide range of biological, psychological, and social context theories and models concerning substance use, substance misuse, and substance use disorders can be integrated to inform intervention strategies and future research from a biopsychosocial perspective.

National Institute on Drug Abuse () National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: population estimatesrevised 20 Nov. US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington Google Scholar Nestler ER () Molecular mechanisms of drug by: 5. Addiction. Substance Abuse, Drug Abuse. Although genetic or other biological factors can contribute to a person’s vulnerability to the condition, many social, psychological, and.Aetiological theory of human drug abuse has historically been dominated by the notion that drug use is initiated and sustained by biological and behavioural rewards and reinforcement.

The operationalization of drug reward theory has invoked other aetiological concepts, including the nature of novelty in the human encounter with drugs, and human behavioural and biological vulnerability to drugs.Pickens RW, Svikis DS: The twin method in the study of vulnerability to drug abuse, in Biological Vulnerability to Drug Abuse, Research Monograph vol.

89,pp 41– Google Scholar Cited by: 8.